Chapter 24 – References

Abe, Masao (1988), “Nishida’s Philosophy of ‘Place,’” International Philosophical Quarterly, No. 28, pp. 355-371.

Abelson, Peter (1993), “Schopenhauer and Buddhism,” East and West, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 255-278.

Abu-Lughod, Janet (1989), Before European Hegemony: The World System 1250-1350, Oxford University Press, New York.

Albrecht, Michael (1985), ed., Oratio de Sinarum philosophia practica: lat.-dt., Rede über die praktische Philosophie der Chinesen by Christian Wolff, Felix Meiner, Hamburg.

Amnesty International (2005), Amnesty International Report 2005. Web. Sept. 2009. <>.

An, Yanming (2006), “The Idea of Cheng (Sincerity and Reality) in the History of Chinese Philosophy,” Global Scholarly Publications. Web. Sept. 2009. <>.

Anderson, Michael (1980), Approaches to the History of the Western Family 1500-1914, Macmillan, London.

APworldstream (2002/04), “Swedish Hindus Protest Ikea Advertisement Featuring Toilet Seat Buddha,” Associated Press. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Arendt, Hannah (1973), The Origins of Totalitarianism, Harvest Books, Fort Washington, PA.

Arendt, Hannah (1993), Between Past and Future, Penguin Classics, London.

aTimes (2008/05), “The Young Ones” by William Sparrow, Asia Times Online. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

aTimes (2008/07), “Midnight in the Kindergarten of Good and Evil,” by David P. Goldman, Asia Times Online. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Bacon, Francis (1620/2012), Novum Organum (The New Organon – or True Directions Concerning the Interpretation of Nature), Vol.1. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Bapat, Purushottam Vishvanath (1956), 2500 Years of Buddhism, India Publications Division, Delhi.

Barnett, Thomas (2004), The Pentagon’s New Map: War and Peace in the Twenty-First Century, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York.

BBC [British Broadcasting Corporation] (2007/03/27), “Overseas Students ‘One in Seven.’” Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

BBC [British Broadcasting Corporation]  (2007/03/29), “Should Apes Have Human Rights?” Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

BBC [British Broadcasting Corporation] (2008/03/Day?), “Polls Suggest 88% Want EU Vote.” Web. Oct. 2012. <www.>.

Behler, Ernst et. al (1987), “Nietzsche und das Gesetzbuch des Manu,” Internationales Jahrbuch für die Nietzsche-Forschung, Vol. 16, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 340-352.

Beisner, Robert L. (2006), Dean Acheson: A Life in the Cold War, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bell, Daniel A. (2000), East Meets West, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Bell, Daniel A., and Qing Jiang (2012), A Confucian Constitution for China, The New York Times, July 10th.

Berger, Peter (1966), The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge, Anchor, Harpswell, ME.

Berger, Peter, and Samuel P. Huntington (1974), Many Globalizations: Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Berger, Peter (1999), The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.

Bernie, Lucie (2005), “Christianity and the Other: Friedrich Schlegel’s and F. W. J Schelling’s Interpretation of China,” International Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 2/2005, pp. 265-273.

Bethel, Dayle M. (1973), Makiguchi: The Value Creator, Revolutionary Japanese Educator and Founder of Soka Gakkai, Weatherhill, New York/Tokyo.

Bhagavad Gita (2008), The Bhagavad Gita in English. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Biagioli, Mario (1999), The Science Studies Reader, Routledge, London.

Binford, Lewis, and Kun-ho Chuan (1985), “Taphonomy at a Distance: Zhoukoudian ‘The Cave of Peking Man?,’” Current Anthropology, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 413-442.

Blanchot, Maurice (1983), Die Uneingestehbare Gemeinschaft, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt.

Boon, James A. (1972), From Symbolism to Structuralism: Lévi-Strauss in a Literary Tradition, Harper & Row, New York.

Borthwick, Mark (1998), Pacific Century: The Emergence of Modern Pacific Asia, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Boyd, Robert (2003), “The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 100, No. 6, pp. 3531-3535.

Boyd, Robert, and Peter Richerson (2005), The Origin and Evolution of Cultures, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Brain.web (2007), “Left vs. Right – Which Side Are You On?” Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Brannen, Noah S. (1964), “Soka Gakkai’s Theory of Value,” Contemporary Religions in Japan, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 146-147.

Breithaupt, Holger (2000), “The Flight from European Science: The Attraction of the American Research System for Young European Scientists,” EMBO Reports, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 104-105.

Butler, Cuthbert (1927), Western Mysticism, Constable, London.

Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (1999, 2nd ed.), ed. Robert Audi, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Carter, Robert E. (1997), The Nothingness Beyond Good: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nishida Kitaro, 2nd ed., Paragon House, Saint Paul, MN.

Cavalli-Sforza, Luca, Paolo Menozzi, and Alberto Piazza, (1994), The History and Geography of Human Genes, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

CCTV [China Central Television] (2006), Special Documentary: Daguo Jueqi (大国崛起, The Rise of the Great Powers), Beijing. (2005), “White Paper on Building of Political Demo- cracy in China,” State Council Information Office, Oct. 19, 2005. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

China Daily (2007/10/10), “Baby Boom for the Beijing Olympics,” by Addie Chan. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

China Daily (2008/04/29), “Henan Population Situation.” Editorial. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

China Daily (2012/02/01), “Enter the Dragon Babies,” by Cheng Anqi. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Chirot, Daniel (1991), Review: “Was Europe Lucky, Evil, or Smart?,” Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 26-28.

Chun, Sue (2004), Beijing Doll, Riverhead Trade, New York.

CIA Factbook (2008), The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Clavell, James (1986), Shogun and Tai-Pan, Bantam Dell, New York, 2 vols.

CNET (2005), “China’s College Population at 19 million,” by Michael Kanellos, Aug. 30, 2005. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Confucius [孔子, Kong Zi] (2004), Confucius Texts Online. Web. Feb. 2007. <>.

Cook, Daniel J., and Henry Rosemont, Jr. (1994), “Discourse on the Natural Theology of the Chinese,” Leibniz: Writings on China, Open Court, Chicago.

Cooley, Charles H., and Philip Rieff (1983/2003), Social Organization: A Study of the Larger Mind, Transaction Publishers, London.

Coolidge, Mary Roberts (1909), Chinese Immigration, Arno Press, New York.

Couplet, Philippe (1687), Confucius Sinarum Philosophus, Sive Scientia Sinensis Latine Exposita, n.p., Paris.

Daisaku, Ikeda, Xianlin Ji, and Zhongxin Jiang, Dialogues on Eastern Wisdom, Sichuan People’s Publishing House, Chengdu, P.R. China.

Darwin, Charles (1859/1985), The Origin of Species, Penguin, London.

Deary, Ian (2001), Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Deng, Xiaomang (1999), The Union of Chinese and Western Ethics, Journal for the Study of Christian Culture, No. 4, pp. 421-423.

Derrida, Jaques (1967), De la Grammatologie, Editions de Minuit, Paris.

Destasis (2006), Deutsches Statistisches Bundesamt. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Dewey, John (1929), The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action, Minton, Balch and Co., New York.

Diamond, Jared (2003), Guns, Germs and Steel, Penguin, London.

Diamond, Jared (2006), Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive, Penguin, London.

Dong, Zhongshu [董仲舒] (1975), 春秋繁露 (Luxuriant Dew of the Spring and Autumn Annals), 四库全书本, Vol. 17, Taiwan Commercial Press, Taipei.

Dunbar, Robin, Chris Knight, and Camilla Power (1999), The Evolution of Culture, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Durant, William (1930), The Case for India, Simon & Schuster, New York.

Duras, Marguerite (1984), L’Amant (The Lover), Editions Nathan, Paris.

Dw [Deutsche Welle] (2006/02/14), “UN Probes German School Inequality.” Web. Oct. 2009. <>.

Economist (2006/03/16), “German Demography: Cradle Snatching – The Difficulties of Living with a Low Birth-Rate.” Editorial. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Economist (2007/02/01), “Tibet: Still Tibetan after All These Years – Economic Advance Is Not Winning All That Many Hearts and Minds.” Editorial. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Einstein, Albert (1905), “ Zur Elektrodynamik Bewegter Körper,” Annalen der Physik, Vol. 17, pp. 891-921.

Engelfriet, Peter, and Man-Keung Siu (2001), “Xu Guangqi’s Attempts to Integrate Western and Chinese Mathematics,” Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China, The Cross-Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562-1633), eds. Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, and Gregory Blue, Brill, Leiden.

Fischer, Steven Roger (2005), A History of Writing, Reaktion Books, London.

Flynn, James Robert (1980), Race, IQ and Jensen, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Flynn, James Robert (1994), “IQ Gains Over Time,” Encyclopedia of Human Intelligence, ed. R. J. Sternberg, Macmillan, New York, pp. 617-623.

Foucault, Michel (1977), Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, Allen Lane, London.

Foucault, Michel (1988), Politics, Philosophy, and Culture: Interviews and Other Writings, 1977-1984, eds. M. Morris and P. Patton, Routledge, New York.

Fraser, Steven (1995), The Bell Curve Wars, Basic Books, New York.

Freytag, Walter (1940/2004), Spiritual Revolution in the East, James Clarke and Co., Cambridge.

Friedman, Milton (1962), Capitalism and Freedom, Chicago University Press, Chicago.

Friedman, Milton (1990), Free to Choose, Harcourt Trade Publishers, New York.

Friedman, Milton (2006), The Power of Choice, Free to Choose Media, Erie, PA.

Fülberth, Georg (2007), Finis Germaniae: Deutsche Geschichte Seit 1945, Papyrossa Verlagsgesellschaft, Cologne.

Fujiwara, Mashiko (2007), The Dignity of the Nation, transl. Murray Giles, IBC Publishing, Tokyo.

Fukuyama, Francis (1992), The End of History and the Last Man, Free Press, New York.

Fuller, Gary (1995), “The Demographic Backdrop to Ethnic Conflict: A Geographic Overview,” The Challenge of Ethnic Conflict to National and International Order in the 1990’s, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.

Gandhi, Mahatma (1924/1938/2006), The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, Vol. 26, Obscure Press, London.

Garrison, Jim (2000), Civilization and the Transformation of Power, Paraview Press, New York.

Garth, John (2005), Tolkien and the Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Ge, Zhaoguang [葛兆光] (2001),中国思想史 (The History of Chinese Thought), Fudan University Press, Shanghai.

Gellert, Claudius (1996), “Recent Trends in German Higher Education,” European Journal of Education, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 311-319.

Gellner, Ernest (1979), Spectacles and Predicaments: Essays in Social Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Geohive (2008), GeoHive: Global Statistics, Country Data Pakistan. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Gibney, Alex (1992), “The Pacific Century, New Video and Print Resources for Teaching Asia,” Political Science and Politics, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 237-280.

Goddard, David (1982), Review: “The Age of Structuralism: Lévi-Strauss to Foucault by Edith Kurzweil,” The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 87, No. 4, pp. 989-991.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1790/1999), Venezianische Epigramme,  Insel Verlag, Frankfurt.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1833/2006), Maximen und Reflexionen, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, München.

Golden, Arthur (1997), Memoirs of a Geisha, Vintage Books, London.

Goldman, David P. (2008/05), “The Monster and the Sausage,” Asia Times Online. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Goldstone, Jack A. (1991), Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Gordon, Stewart (2007), When Asia Was the World, Da Capo Press, New York.

Gray, Peter B., et al. (2006), “Fathers Have Lower Salivary Testosterone Levels than Unmarried Men and Married Non-Fathers in Beijing, China,” Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, Vol. 273, No. 1584, pp. 333-339.

Gray, Russell D., and Fiona M. Jordan (2000), “Language Trees Support the Express-Train Sequence of Austronesian Expansion,” Nature, Vol. 405, No. 6790, pp. 1052-1055.

Grieve, Paul (2006), A Brief Guide to Islam: History, Faith and Politics, Carroll and Graf, New York.

Griffiths, Bede (1982), Marriage of East and West: A Sequel to the Golden String, Templegate Publishers, Springfield, IL.

Gu, Hongming [辜鸿铭] (1922/2005), 中国人的精神 (The Spirit of the Chinese People), Guangxi Normal University Publishing House, Guangxi.

Gu, Zhengkun [辜正坤] (1995), Lao Zi: The Book of Tao and Teh, Peking University Press, Beijing.

Gu, Zhengkun [辜正坤] (2003),“Value Localization of Chinese and Western Cultures,” in 世界文化的东亚视角 East Asia’s View on World Culture, Peking University Press, Beijing.

Habermas, Jürgen (1996), The Inclusion of the Other, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Habermas, Jürgen (2003), The Future of Human Nature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Habermas, Jürgen (2006), The Divided West, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Haeckel, Ernst (2004), The Evolution of Man, Kessinger Publisher, Whitefish, MT.

Han, Fook Kwang, Warren Fernandez, and Sumiko Tan (1998), Lee Kuan Yew: The Man and His Ideas, Times Editions, New York.

Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri (2001), Empire, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Hart, Roger (1999), “On the Problem of Chinese Science,” The Science Studies, ed. Mario Biagioli, Routledge, London.

Hashimoto, Keizo, and Catherine Jami (2001), “From the Elements to Calender Reform: Xu Guangqi’s Shaping of Scientific Knowledge,” Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China, The Cross-Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562-1633), eds. Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, and Gregory Blue, Brill, Leiden.

Haspelmath, Martin et al. (2005), The World Atlas of Language Structures, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1821/1956), The Philosophy of History, transl. John Sibree, Dover Publications, Mineola, NY.

Heinsohn, Gunnar (2003), Söhne und Weltmacht – Terror im Aufstieg und Fall der Nationen, Vols. 1-2, Orell Füssli, Zurich.

Heinsohn, Gunnar (2005), “Finis Germaniae? Reflexionen über Demografische Ursachen von Revolutionen, Kriegen und Politischen Niederlagen,”  Die Zeit-online, Kursbuch 162, Nov. 25, 2005. Web. Oct. 2012. < >.

Hendry, Joy, and Heung Wah Wong (2006), Dismantling the East-West Dichotomy: Essays in Honour of Jan van Bremen, Routledge, NY.

Herrnstein, Richard, and Charles Murray (1994), The Bell Curve, Free Press, London.

Hesse, Hermann (1921), “Chinesische Landschaftsmalerei,” in Materialien zu Siddharta, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt.

Hobbes, Thomas (1651/1989), Leviathan, Penguin Classics, London.

Hoe, John (2007), The Jade Mirror of the Four Unknowns by Zhu Shijie, Mingming Bookroom Publisher, Christchurch.

Hölldobler, Bert, and Edward Wilson (1990), The Ants, Springer, Heidelberg.

Hölldobler, Bert, and Edward Wilson (1994), Journey to the Ants: A Story of Scientific Exploration, Belknap/Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Hofstede, Geert (1991), Cultures and Organization: Software of the Mind, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Horng, Wann-Sheng (2001), “The Influence of Euclid’s Elements on Xu Guangqi and his Successors,” Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China, The Cross-Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562-1633), Brill, Leiden.

Horton, Robin, and Ruth Finnegan (1973), Modes of Thought: Essays on Thinking in Western and Non-Western Societies, Faber, London.

Hua, Meng, and Sukehiro Hirakawa (2000), Images of Westerners in Chinese and Japanese Literature, Rodopi Press, Amsterdam.

Huang, Chun-chieh (2006), ‘Time’ and ‘Supertime’ in Chinese Historical Thinking, Chinese University Press, Hong Kong.

Human Rights Watch (2003), Worldreport 2003. Web. Sept. 2009. <>.

Huntington, Samuel (1993), The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Touchstone, London.

Huntington, Samuel (2000), Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress, Basic Books (Perseus), New York.

Huntington, Samuel (2004), Who Are We: The Challenge to America’s National Identity, Basic Books (Perseus), New York.

Husserl, Edmund (1935), “The Vienna Lecture,” The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL.

Husserl, Edmund (1970), The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL.

Hutcheon, Linda (1989), The Politics of Postmodernism, Routledge, London.

Hutton, Will (2007), The Writing on the Wall: China and the West in the 21st Century, Little, Brown, London.

Ibn Khaldun (1969), The Muqaddimah, trans. Franz Rosenthal, Bollingen, New York.

IIE (2006), “IIE Backgrounder: Educational Exchange with India,” Open Doors, Nov. 13, 2006. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Jami, Catherine, Peter Engelfriet, and Gregory Blue (2001), Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China, The Cross-Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562-1633), Brill, Leiden.

Ji, Xianlin [季羡林] in the foreword of Lin Chengjie [林承节] (1996), 独立后的印度史 (The History of India after Independence), 1st ed., Peking University Press, Beijing.

Ji, Xianlin [季羡林] (2006), “Scholars to Create and Carry on Civilizations,” Beijing Forum 2005, Express-11, May 15, 2006, Xinhua News Agency. Web. Dec. 2006. <>.

Ji, Xianlin [季羡林] (2006), 季羡林谈 (Ji Xianlin Talks), Contemporary China Publishing House, Beijing.

Ji, Xianlin [季羡林] (2006), 三十年河西,十年河东 (Thirty Years West of the River, Thirty Years East of It), Vols.1-6, Contemporary China Publishing House, Beijing.

Jin, Li [金力] et al. (1998), “Hypothetical Ancestral Migration Routes to the Far East,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Sept. 29, Vol. 95, pp. 11763-11768.

Jin, Li [金力] (2006), “Genetic Findings Support ‘Out of Africa’ Theory,” Texas Medical Center News, Vol. 20, No. 19. Web. Sept. 2009. <>.

Joubert, Joseph (1962), in Wittgenstein, Ludwig: Lectures and Essays in Criticism (Complete Prose Works of Matthew Arnold), Vol.3, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.

Jules, Gary (2006), Mad World. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Kakuzo, Okakura (1904/2002), The Ideals of the East, Tuttle, North Clarendon, VT.

Kapoor, Kapil (2001), Decolonizing the Indian Mind, National Seminar on Decolonizing English Education, Keynote address delivered on Feb. 18, 2001, at the National Seminar on Decolonizing English Education, North Gujarat University, Patan, India. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Kawabata, Yasunari (1969), The Existence and Discovery of Beauty, trans. V. H. Viglielmo, The Mainichi Newspapers (Publisher), Tokyo.

Keiji, Nishitani (1942), “My Opinion on the Problem of the Conquest of Modernity,” quoted in Fumihiko Sueki (2004), “A New Paradigm for Understanding Japanese Buddhism” presented at the conference Buddhism In (and Out) Place, Oct. 18, 2004, UCLA, Los Angeles.

Kennedy, Paul (1987), The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000, Vintage Books, Colchester, UK.

Khanna, Tarun (2008), Billions of Entrepreneurs: How China and India Are Reshaping Their Futures – and Yours, Harvard Business School Press, Cambridge, MA.

Kim, Choong-Ryeol (2006), “Is the 21st Century an Era of the East? – How to Cope with the Major Proposition of the New Century?,” Beijing Forum (2006): The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All – Reflections on the Civilization Modes of Humankind, Beijing Forum Newsletter, Vol. 2, No.??, Peking University Press, Beijing.

Kipling, Joseph Rudyard (1999), “The Ballad of East and West,” The Collected Poems, Indypublish, McLean, VA.

Kluger, Jeffrey (2008), The Art of Simplexity, Hyperion, New York.

Krausse, Alexis Sidney (1900), The Far East, Its History and Its Questions, G. Richards, London.

Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth (1969), On Death and Dying, Routledge, London.

Küng, Hans (1997), Weltethos für Weltpolitik und Weltwirtschaft, Piper, Munich.

Küng, Hans (1998), Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology, The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague.

Kuhn, Thomas (1970), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Kumarajiva [鸠摩罗什] (2008), The Lotus Sutra: Saddharma Pundarika. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Kuroda, Toshio [黑田候雄] (1990), Nihon Chusei No Kokka To Shukyo (National and Relgious Medieval Japan), Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo.

Landes, David (2000), “Culture Makes Almost All the Difference,” Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress, ed.?? , Basic Books (Perseus), New York, pp. 2-14.

Lao Zi [老子] (1876), 道德经 (The Way of Tao), trans. James Legge, Trubner, London.

Ledderose, Lothar (2005), “Chinas Zeichenschrift Formt ein Ueberlegenes Denken,” Eurasisches Magazin, Sept. 30, 2005. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Legge, James (1876), The Chinese Classics, Trubner, London.

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1994), “Discourse on the Natural Theology of the Chinese,” Writings on China, trans. Daniel J. Cook and Henry Rosemont, Jr., Open Court, Chicago.

Lenin, Vladimir (1919), “Speech at the Unveiling of a Monument to Stepan Razin on Lobnoye Mesto on May Day,” Lenin’s Collected Works, trans. George Hanna, 4th ed. Vol. 29, Progress Publishers, Moscow.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1952), Race and Culture, UNESCO, Paris.

Li, Dazhao [李大钊] (2006), quoted in Ji Xianlin [季羡林], 三十年河西,十年河东 (Thirty Years West of the River, Thirty Years East of It), Contemporary China Publishing House, Beijing.

Li, Tiangang [李天刚] (1998), 中国礼仪之争:历史,文献和意义(The Chinese Rites Controversy: Its History, Documentation and Significance), Shanghai Classical Publishing House, Shanghai.

Li ,Tiangang [李天刚] (2007), Notes of Explanation for Xu Guangqi, Yang Tingyun, and Li Zhizhao’s Christian Writings, Daofeng Publishing House, Hong Kong.

Li, Wai-Yee (2008), The Readability of the Past in Early Chinese Historiography, Harvard East Asian Monographs, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Lin, Chengjie [林承节] (1996), 独立后的印度史 (The History of India after Independence), 1st ed., Peking University Press, Beijing.

Lin, Justin Yifu (2006), “Opportunities and Challenges in the Research and Education of Economics in China,” Beijing Forum (2006): The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All – Reflections on the Civilization Modes of Humankind, Beijing Forum Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 2, Peking University Press, Beijing.

Lin, Patricia (2007), Invented Asia: Mimicry and Counter-production in the Arts, Cal Poly Pomona, CA. Web. Sept. 2009. <>.

Liu, E [刘鹗] (c. 1909), 老残游记 (The Travels of Lao Can), Foreign Languages Press, Beijing.

Lloyd, Geoffrey Ernest Richard (1996), Adversaries and Authorities: Investigations into Ancient Greek and Chinese Science, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Long, John L. (2002), Madame Butterfly, Rutgers University Press, Piscataway, NJ.

Loti, Pierre (2001), Madame Chrysanthème, Oeuvres Complètes de Pierre Loti, Vol. 4, Adamant Media Corporation, Paris.

Lu, Xun [鲁迅] (1981), 鲁迅全集 (Collected Works of Lu Xun), People’s Literature Publishing House, Beijing.

, Yaohuai (2005), “Privacy and Data Privacy Issues in Contemporary China,” Ethics and Information Technology, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 7-15.

Luo, Guanzhong [罗贯中] (1998), 三国演义(Romance of the Three Kingdoms), People’s Literature Publishing House, Beijing.

Luttwak, Edward Nicolae (1994), “Twilight of the Great Powers: Why We No Longer Will Die for a Cause,” Washington Post, June 26, 1994, pp. C1-C2.

Luttwak, Edward Nicolae (1995), “Toward Post-Heroic Warfare: The Obsolescence of Total War,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 74, No. 3, pp. 109-123.

Lynch, Colum (2007), “Russia, China Veto Resolution on Burma,” The Washington Post, January 13, 2007, p. A12.

Mace, Ruth, Clare Holden, and Stephen Shennan (2005), The Evolution of Cultural Diversity: A Phylogentic Approach, UCL Press, London.

Mackinder, Halford John (1904), “The Geographical Pivot of History,” The Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 4 (Dec. 2004), pp. 230-321.

Maddison, Angus (2006), “China in the World Economy: 1300-2030,” International Journal of Business, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 239-245.

Maddison, Wayne, Peter Midford, and Sarah Otto (2007), “Estimating a Binary Character’s Effect on Speciation and Extinction,” Systematic Biology, Vol. 56, pp. 701-710.

Mahabharata (2008), ed. John D. Smith, Penguin Classics, London.

Mahbubani, Kishore (1997), Can Asians Think? Understanding the Divide Between East and West, Steerforth, Hanover, NH.

Mahbubani, Kishore (2008), The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East, Public Affairs Publisher, New York.

Malhotra, Rajiv (2011), Being Different: An Indian Challenge to Western Universalism, Harper Collins, New Delhi.

Malthus, Thomas (1999), An Essay on the Principles of Population, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Mao, Zedong [毛泽东] (1991), 毛泽东选集 Mao Zedong: Selected Works, 人民出版社 People’s Publishing House, Beijing.

Mao, Zedong [毛泽东] (1957), 毛泽东同志论《帝国主义和一切反动派都是纸老虎》 (Speech at the Moscow Meeting of Communist and Worker’s Parties from Nov. 18, 1957), in 毛泽东选集 (Mao Zedong: Selected Works), People’s Publishing House, Beijing.

Mao, Zedong [毛泽东] (1960/1964), “新民主主义论” (“On New Democracy”), 毛泽东选集 (Mao Zedong: Selected Works), Vol. 2, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing.

Mao, Zedong [毛泽东] (1960), “新民主主义论” (“On New Democracy”), 毛泽东选集 (Mao Zedong: Selected Works), Vol. 4, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing.

Mao, Zedong [毛泽东] (1967), Some Questions Concerning Methods of Leadership, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing.

Marchand, Suzanne (2001), “German Orientalism and the Decline of the West,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 145, No. 4, pp. 465-473.

Marion, Russ (1999), The Edge of Organization: Chaos and Complexity – Theories of Formal Social Systems, Sage Publications, London.

Marr, Wilhelm (1879), Sieg des Judenthums über das Germanenthum  –  Vom Nicht Confessionellen Standpunkt aus Betrachtet, Rudolph Costenoble, Bern.

Marx, Karl (1848), Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, The Communist League, London.

Marx, Karl (1875), Critique of the Gotha Program, Progress Publisher, Moscow.

Masuda, Takahiko, and Richard Nisbett (2001), “Attending Holistically Versus Analytically: Comparing the Context Sensitivity of Japanese and Americans,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 5, pp. 992-934.

May, Reinhard (1996), Heidegger’s Hidden Sources: East-Asian Influences on His Work, Routledge, Oxford.

Mazahéri, Aly (1983), La Route de la Soie, Papyrus, Paris.

McDougall, Bonnie, and Anders Hansson (2002), Chinese Concepts of Privacy, Brill, Leiden.

McGilchrist, Iain (2012), The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

McGregor, James (2007), One Billion Customers: Lessons from the Front Lines of Doing Business in China, Free Press Publisher, Glencoe, IL.

Meadows, Donella et al. (1972), The Limits to Growth, Chelsea Green Publishing, White River Junction, VT.

Mellman, Ira (2012), ‘Chinese Students: A Growing U.S. Business Commodity,’ Voice of America (VOA), Aug. 7, 2012. Web. <>.

Mencius [孟子, Meng Zi] (2004), The Book of Mencius, Toyo Gakuen University, Department of East Asian Studies, trans. Charles Muller. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Meng, Hua, and Sukehiro Hirakawa (1997), “Images of Westerners in Chinese and Japanese Literature,” Proceedings of the 15th Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association, Vol. 10, Rodopi, Amsterdam.

Merton, Robert (1968), Social Theory and Social Structure, Free Press, New York.

Miller, Barbara Stoler (1986), The Bhagavad-Gita: Krishna’s Counsel in Time of War, Columbia University Press, New York.

Minorityinfo (2008), Der Minority Report: Die Zugelassene Islamisierung Europas. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

MonierWilliams, Monier (1894), Hinduism, E. & J.B. Young & Co., New York.

Moore, Greg (2003), “From Buddhism to Bolshevism: Some Orientalist Themes in German Thought, German Life and Letters,” German Life and Letters, Vol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 20-42.

Morgan, Estelle (1958), “Goethe and the Philistine,” The Modern Language Review, Vol. 53, No. 3, pp. 374-379.

Morita, Akio, and Shintaro Ishihara (1989), The Japan That Can Say No: Why Japan Will Be First Among Equals, Simon & Schuster, London.

Murray, Scott (2000), Liberal Diplomacy and German Unification: The Early Career of Robert Morier, Praeger, London.

Nakamura, Hajime (1996/2008), Hindukyo To Jojishi (The Notion of Time in India), Shunjusha, Tokyo.

Nandy, Ashis (1989), Science, Hegemony and Violence: A Requiem for Modernity, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Needham, Joseph (1951), Human Law and the Laws of Nature in China and the West, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Needham, Joseph (1954/2000), Science and Civilization in China, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Needham, Joseph (1964), “Science and China’s Influence on the World,” in The Legacy of China, edited by Raymond Dawson, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Needham, Joseph (2004), The Grand Titration, Routledge, New York.

Ng, On-cho (1998), Review: “On the ‘Logic’ of Togetherness – A Cultural Hermeneutic by Kuang-ming Wu,” Philosophy East and West, Vol. 50, No. 3, The Philosophy of Jainism (July 2000), pp. 461-464.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1872), The Birth of Tragedy, Foulis Press, London.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1885), Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, ed. Oscar Levy, Vol. 15, Foulis Press, London.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1909), The Will to Power, Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, ed. Oscar Levy, Vol. 15, Foulis Press, London.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1909), Jenseits von Gut und Böse, Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, ed. Oscar Levy, Vol. 15, Foulis Press, London.

Nilsen, Robert (1988), South Korea Handbook, Moon Publications, Chico, CA.

Nisbett, Richard (2004), The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently… and Why, Free Press, New York.

Nishida, Kitaro (1987), Last Writings: Nothingness and the Religious World View, trans. David Dillworth, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Nishida, Kitaro (1989), Nishida Kitaro Zenshu (Complete Works of Nishida Kitaro in Nineteen Volumes), 4th ed., Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo.

Nishida, Kitaro (1990), An Inquiry into the Good, trans. Masao Abe and Christopher Ives, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

Nishida, Kitaro (2006), Complete Works of Nishida Kitaro, transl. by A. Takeda and K. Riesenhueber, Vol. 14, Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo.

Noël, François (1711), Sinensis imperii libri classici sex, Societatis Jesu Missionario, Prague.

Nolde, John J. (1966), A Plea for a Regional Approach to Chinese History: The Case of the South China Coast, The University of Hong Kong Libraries, Hong Kong. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Orleans, Leo A. (1988), Chinese Students in America: Policies, Issues, and Numbers, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Otto, Rudolf (1924), The Idea of the Holy, Oxford University Press, London.

Otto, Rudolf (1926), Mysticism East and West, Oxford University Press, London.

Pan, Suiming (2004), “Three ‘Red Light Districts’ in China,” Sexual Cultures in East Asia: The Social Construction of Sexuality and Sexual Risk in a Time of AIDS, ed. Evelyne Micollier, Routledge Curzon, New York,  pp. 25-53.

Paris, John (1947), Kimono, Penguin Classics, London.

PBS [Public Broadcasting Service] (1993), The Pacific Century, TV documentary written by Alex Gibney, Release date: 1992; aired on PBS in 1993.

Pelliot, Paul, and Arthur Christopher Moule (1938), “Marco Polo – The Description of the World,” The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. 71, Issue 4, pp. 628-644.

People’s Daily (2006/04/05), “Students Again Make Beeline to U.S. Colleges,” by Wang Shanshan. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Perrett, Roy (1999), “History, Time, and Knowledge in Ancient India,” History and Theory, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 307-321.

Peyrefitte, Alain (1989), L’Empire Immobile ou le Choc des Mondes, Fayard, Paris.

Peyrefitte, Alain (1993), The Collision of Two Civilizations: The British Expedition to China in 1792-4, Harvill, London.

Phelps, Edmund S. (2007), “Entrepreneurial Culture: Why European Economies Lag Behind the U.S.,” The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 12, 2007. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Planck, Max (1901), “On the Law of Distribution of Energy in the Normal Spectrum,” Annalen der Physik, Vol. 4, No.??, pp. 553-559.

Plekhanov, Valentinovich Georgy (1891), The Materialist Conception of History. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Polo, Marco (2007), The Travels, Cosimo Books, New York.

Pye, Lucian W. (2000), “Asian Values: From Dynamos to Dominos?” Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress, edited by Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington, Basic Books (Perseus), New York, pp. 244-256.

Pyle, Kenneth (2007), Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power and Purpose, Public Affairs Books, New York.

Qian, Binsi [钱宾四] (1990/1998), 中华思想史(History of Chinese Thought), 钱宾四先生全集 (The Complete Works of Mr. Qian Binsi), edited by Mu Qian, Lianjing Publishing House, Beijing.

Radhakrishnan, S. (1929/1974), Hinduism, quoted in Saral Jhingran (1989), Aspects of Hindu Morality, Motilal Banarsidass Publisher, Delhi.

Ramesh, Jairam (2002), Kautilya Today: Compendium of Essays Between 1998 and 2002, India Research Press, New Delhi.

Reid, Thomas Roy (2004), The United States of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy, Penguin Press, London.

Reynolds, Vernon, and Ralph Tanner (1983), The Biology of Religion, Longman, London.

Richardson, Robert D., Jr. (1988), Henry Thoreau: A Life of the Mind, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Roberts, Paul (2004), The End of Oil: On the Edge of a Perilous New World, Houghton Mifflin, New York.

Rosan, Laurence J. (1962), “Are Comparisons between the East and the West Fruitful for Comparative Philosophy?,” Philosophy East and West, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 239-243.

Rosenthal, Franz (1969), Ibn Khaldun: The Muqaddimah, Bollingen, New York.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1672/2007), The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Right, transl. George D. H. Cole. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Rushton, Jean Philippe, and Arthur Robert Jensen (2006), “Thirty Years of Research on Race Differences in Cognitive Ability,” in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 235-294.

Russell, Bertrand (1922/1993), The Problem of China, Spokesman Books, Nottingham, UK.

Russell, Bertrand (1953), Mysticism and Logic, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth /London.

Said, Edward W. (1995), Orientalism, Penguin Books, London.

Sapir, Edward (1983), Selected Writings of Edward Sapir in Language, Culture, and Personality, ed. David G. Mandelbaum, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Schelling, Friedrich (1842), Philosophie der Mythologie. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Schopenhauer, Arthur (1819), Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung, Vol. 2, Diogenes, Zurich.

Schröder, Gerhard (2008), “Warum Wir Peking Brauchen,” Die Zeit, July 17, 2008. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Sen, Amartya Kumar (2006), “Our Global Civilization,” Keynote Speech at the Beijing Forum (2006): The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All – Reflections on the Civilization Modes of Humankind, Beijing Forum Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 2, Peking University Press, Beijing.

Sen, Amartya Kumar (2007), Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time), W. W. Norton, New York.

Shenkar, Oded (2004), The Chinese Century: The Rising Chinese Economy and Its Impact on the Global Economy, the Balance of Power, and Your Job, Wharton School Publishing, Philadelphia.

Shibusawa, Naoko (2006), America’s Geisha Ally: Re-imagining The Japanese Enemy, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Shiel, Matthew Phipps (1898), The Yellow Danger, Routledge, Oxford.

Shippey, Tom (2002), J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Siow, Maria (2012), “U.S. Launches Initiative to Boost Number of American Students in China,” Asia Pacific News, July 9, 2012. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Sisci, Francesco (2008), “A New World under One Heaven,” Asia Times, July 4, 2008. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Smith, Arthur Henderson (1890/2003), Chinese Characteristics, Ross & Perry Publishing, Haddonfield, NJ.

Smith, Brian (2008), “Time – India – Bibliography,” Science Encyclopaedia: The History of Ideas, Vol. 6. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Song, Qiang [宋强] et al. (1996), 中国可以说不 (China Can Say No), China Industry & Commerce Associated Press, Beijing.

Spence, Jonathan D. (2001), The Search for Modern China, W.W. Norton, New York.

Spencer, Herbert (1857), “Progress: Its Law and Causes,” The Westminster Review, Vol. 67, April 1857, pp. 445-465.

Spencer, Herbert (1893), The Principles of Ethics, Williams & Norgate, London.

Spengler, Oswald (1917/1922), The Decline of the West, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Spiegel magazine (2008/07/15), “Olympische Spiele: Altkanzler Schröder Nimmt an Eröffnungsfeier Teil.” Editorial. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Stambaugh, Joan (1999), The Formless Self, State University of New York Press, New York.

Sternberg, Robert (1994), Encyclopedia of Human Intelligence, Macmillan, New York.

Sueki, Fumihiko (2004), “A New Paradigm for Understanding Japanese Buddhism,” presented at the conference Buddhism In (and Out) Place, Oct. 18, 2004, UCLA, Los Angeles.

Suzuki, Daisetsu Teitaro (1994), An Introduction to Zen Buddhism, Grove Press, New York.

Tacitus, Publius Cornelius (1996), Germania, trans. J.B. Rives, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Tagore, Rabindranath (1931), The Religion of Man, Allen & Unwin, London.

Taylor, McComas (2008), “Six Easy Lessons in Sanskrit,” The Australian National University News, Summer 2007. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Taz (2008/02/12), “Dänische Mohammed-Karikaturen-Zeichner Sollte Getötet Werden,” by Reinhard Wolff. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Temple, Robert, and Joseph Needham (2007), The Genius of China: 3,000 Years of Science, Discovery, and Invention, Inner Traditions International Ltd., Rochester, VT.

TimeEurope (2004), “How to Plug Europe’s Brain Drain,” by Jeff Chu, Jan. 11, 2004. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Times (2008), “A Third of Muslim Students Back Killings,” by Abul Taher, July 27, 2008. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Tipitaka, Abhidharmmapitaka (2008), The Pali Tipitaka Online. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Toynbee, Arnold Joseph, and D.C. Somervell (1958), Civilization on Trial and the World and the West, Meridian Books, New York.

Toynbee, Arnold Joseph, and Daisaku Ikeda (1976), The Toynbee-Ikeda Dialogue: Man Himself Must Choose, Kodansha International, New York.

Tu, Weiming (2000), “Multiple Modernities: A Preliminary Inquiry into the Implications of East Asian Modernity,” Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress, edited by Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington, Basic Books (Perseus), New York, pp. 256-268.

Tu, Weiming (2003), Dialogue among Civilizations: The Message of China’s Rise to the World, Social Sciences Document Publication House, Beijing.

Tu, Weiming (2012), “Proposal for Establishing the World Ethics Institute at Peking University,” The Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Peking University, Beijing.

Tuathail, Georoid O., Simon Dalby, and Paul Routledge, eds. (2006), The Geopolitics Reader, Routledge, New York.

Twain, Mark (1897/1989), Following the Equator: A Journey around the World, Dover Publications, Mineola, NY.

U Ko Lay, Sayagyi (1990), Guide to Tipitaka, Sri Satguru Publications, Delhi.

United Nations (2001), “Year of Dialogue among Civilization,” United Nations Department of Public Information. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

United Nations Population Division (2004/2007), World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, Analytical Report, Vol. 3, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

United Nations Population Division (2006), Challenges of World Population in the 21st Century: The Changing Age Structure of Population and Its Consequences for Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Wallerstein, Immanuel (2005), The U.S., India, and China, Commentary No. 166, Aug. 1, 2005, Binghamton University. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Wall Street Journal (2006/11/11), “Is Admissions Bar Higher for Asians at Elite Schools?” by Daniel Golden. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Wang, Youxuan (2001), Buddhism and Deconstruction – Towards a Comparative Semiotics, Curzon Press, Surrey, UK.

Weber, Max (2001), The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons, Routledge, New York.

Wei, Hui (2002), Shanghai Baby, Washington Square Press, New York.

Wei, Yuan [魏源] (1843), 海国图志 (Illustrated Records of Overseas Countries), Zhongzhou Guji Publishing House, Suzhou, P.R. China.

Werber, Bernard (1991), Empire of the Ants, Bantam, New York.

Wieger, Léon (1965), Chinese Characters: Their Origin, Etymology, History, Classification and Signification, Parragon Books, New York.

Wikipedia (2008), “Dichotomy.” Web. Aug. 2008. <>.

Wikipedia (2008), “Völker Europas, Wahrt Eure Heiligsten Güter (People of Europe, Safeguard Your Most Valuable Goods).”  Web. Aug. 2008. <>.

Wikipedia (2008), “World’s most best-selling books.” Web. Aug. 2008. <>.

Williams, Paul, Kate Crosby, and Andrew Skilton, eds. (1998), The Bodhicaryavatara, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Williamson, W. (1977), “Patterns of Educational Inequality in West Germany,” Comparative Education, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 29-44.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig, Matthew Arnold, and R.H. Super, (1962), Lectures and Essays in Criticism, Vol. 3, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.

Wu, Kuangming [吴光明] (1997), On Metaphoring: A Cultural Hermeneutic, Brill, Leiden.

Wu, Kuangming [吴光明] (1998), On the “Logic” of Togetherness: A Cultural Hermeneutic, Brill, Leiden.

Wu, Kuangming [吴光明] (2007), Review: “Notions of Time in Chinese Historical Thinking by Chun-Chieh Huang and John R. Henderson,” Taiwan of East Asian Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Issue 7), pp. 179-183.

Wu, Kuangming [吴光明] (2008), China-West Interculture: Toward the Philosophy of World Integration – Essays on Wu Kuang-Ming’s Thinking, ed. Jay Goulding, Global Scholarly Publisher, New York.

Wu, Wenjun [吴文俊] (2007), “An Essay Written on the Occasion of the 400th Anniversary of the Publication of Xu Guangqi’s Translation of Euclid’s Elements of Geometry.” Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Xia, Y. R., and Z. G. Zhou (2003), “The Transition of Courtship, Mate Selection and Marriage in China,” Mate Selection across Cultures, eds. R. R. Hamon et al., Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 231-246.

Yang, Zhenning [杨振宁] (2004), 《易经》对中华文化的影响 (The I Ching’s Influence on the Development of Modern Science in China), Culture Summit Forum Beijing, The Chinese Culture Promotion Society, Beijing. Web. Oct. 2012. <>.

Yuan, Xingpei [袁行霈] et al. (2006), 中华文明史 (A History of the Chinese Civilization), Peking University Press, Beijing.

Zaehner, Robert Charles (1976), Concordant Discord, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Zhao, Tingyang [赵厅阳] (2005), 天下体系 (The System of All under Heaven), Jiangsu Educational Publisher, Jiangsu.

Zhou, Xiaoyi (2000), “Oscar Wilde: An Image of Artistic Self-Fashioning in Modern China: 1909-1949,” Images of Westerners in Chinese and Japanese Literature, ed. Hua Meng, Rodopi Press, Amsterdam, pp. 95-113.

Zinn, Howard (1980), A People’s History of the United States, 1492 – Present, HarperCollins, New York.

Zizek, Slavoj (2001), On Belief, Routledge, New York.



Induction and Deduction

The Dichotomy with Asiacentrism




Cultural Effects of the Dichotomy

Two Successful Models

Two Incommensurable  Realities

The Theory of Power and to Whom It Belongs

The Problem of Standard

A Loveless Darwinian Desert

The Psychology of Communion

Cultural Evolution

A Copernican Revolution

The Problem with Nature

Truths and Values



The Dialectics of Dichotomy

Problems with the Dichotomy

The Future of the Dichotomy

The Author


Pattberg, Thorsten (2013), The East-West Dichotomy, Foreign Language Press, Beijing

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.